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Although most historians and paleontologists agree that man discovered fire about a million years ago, certain questions still raise debate, such as when they began to control and use it in their daily lives. In the Qesem Cave, a Lower Palaeolithic archaeological site east of Tel Aviv (Israel), they could have found answers to this question.
A group of Israelite experts have found on the site what appear to be evidence of a 300,000-year-old fire building, hearth or fireplace, which were used for a long time in the period. The discovery not only helps settle the debate about human control of fire, but also suggests that the prehistoric people of the Lower Paleolithic already had advanced social organization and intellectual capacity.
Surveys, started in 2000, have revealed signs of controlled use of fire in the cavern. In the center of it a deposit of wood ash has been found who, after an exhaustive analysis, have discovered that it was mixed with small pieces of bone and clay heated to high temperatures. The conclusion is obvious: it is quite possible that the cave was used as a large fireplace.
Dr. Ruth Shahack-Gross has collaborated in the scientific analysis of the ash, dividing a piece of sediment into tiny microscopic strips to observe its composition. Sediment stratification revealed signs that the hearth was used repeatedly.
In the surroundings and inside the home they have also been found flint tools that they were surely used to cut meat, but looking a few meters further they found other types of utensils with different shapes that were used for other activities; a large number of charred bone remains of animals, which show the use of the home as a kitchen. Shahack-Gross and his colleagues have deduced that the cave area would have different spaces in which different activities would take place.
Therefore, all these tests seem to show that the cave served as a kind of temporary camp to which the prehistorics resorted over and over again. The researchers consider that this demonstrates an advanced intellectual level, that by dividing the space and organizing their daily work they already had an organized social structure and, therefore, began to think and act like modern humans. Likewise, the remains of the Qesem Cave, as in other sites in the region, are a sign of important changes in the behavior and biological system of hominids, with the appearance of new cultures and species 400,000 years ago.
Romantic, in the artistic sense of the word. In my adolescence both family and friends reminded me over and over that I was an inveterate humanist, as I spent time doing what perhaps others not so much, believing myself to be Bécquer, immersed in my own artistic fantasies, in books and movies, constantly wanting to travel and explore the world, admired for my historical past and for the wonderful productions of the human being. That is why I decided to study History and combine it with Art History, because it seemed to me the most appropriate way to carry out the skills and passions that characterize me: reading, writing, traveling, researching, knowing, making known, educating. Disclosure is another of my motivations, because I understand that there is no word that has real value if it is not because it has been transmitted effectively. And with this, I am determined that everything I do in my life has an educational purpose.